Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is one of the most sought-after protected areas on the African continent by travellers and tourists. The Park nestles in the southwestern region of Uganda on the edge of the Rift Valley. It covers a total area of 321 square kilometres in the districts of Kanungu and Kabale. It was gazetted as a national park in 1991 and declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994. Its mist-covered hillsides are coated by one of Uganda’s oldest and most biologically diverse rainforests, which dates back over 25,000 years and contains almost 400 species of plants.

Bwindi is most famous in the world for protecting the endangered mountain gorillas. The Park inhabits almost half of the total number of mountain gorillas in the world (over 500 mountain gorillas) and it is definitely the best park for gorilla expeditions. These mountain gorillas have resided in the Park’s four sectors: Buhoma sector, Rushaga sector, Ruhija sector, and Nkuringo sector.

The Park has 20 habituated gorilla families in its four sectors and the Mubare gorilla family, Buhoma sector, is believed to be the first ever habituated gorilla family in the Park and Uganda entirely. This biologically diverse region also provides shelter to a further 120 mammals, including several primate species such as baboons and chimpanzees, as well as elephants and antelopes. There are about 350 species of birds hosted in this forest, including 23 Albertine Rift endemics. Still in the Park, opportunities abound to discover the local Bakiga and Batwa Pygmy cultures through performances, workshops and village walks.

The best safari activity in Bwindi is of course gorilla trekking. A gorilla permit in Uganda costs US$ 700 and it should be booked prior to your trip dates. Other activities to indulge in include; birding, cultural encounters, nature walks, and the extraordinary gorilla habituation.

Gorilla habituation is the process of making wild gorillas get accustomed to human presence. The gorilla habituation experience allows you to stay with the gorillas for a longer time than the one hour you spend with these precious creatures in the gorilla trekking experience. The gorilla habituation experience is only offered in Bwindi and nowhere else in the world. A gorilla habituation permit costs US$ 1500. All the four sectors of Bwindi have an impressive array of luxury lodges, rustic bandas and budget campsites, as well as restaurants, and craft stalls.